• Zero Tolerance: An Open Letter from Jewish Writers about U.S. Immigration Policy

    Several days ago, Donald Trump was forced by mounting protests to end his policy of separating children from parents accused of illegally crossing the American border. Once separated from their mothers and fathers, these boys and girls were transported to mass detention centers or put in foster care. More than 100 of the 2,300 children were younger than four years of age.

    To those of us who doubted that any protest would have an effect on Trump, this change in his strategy comes as excellent news — indeed, it is proof that if enough of us join together in protest, we can force him to back down.

    And yet, at the same time that the U.S. President signed his Executive Order and eliminated the most inhumane part of his anti-immigration program, he boasted that he would continue his so-called “zero-tolerance” policy with regard to immigration. Furthermore, his new instructions failed to address the plight of the children who were previously taken from their parents and housed in shelters. Federal officials initially stated that those children would not be immediately reunited with their families. Later, however, the same officials said that the boys and girls would indeed be returned to their parents in a timely manner. As of today, it remains to be seen whether that is true and how long it will take.

    Trump has proven time and time again that he lacks simple human decency and has no respect for people fleeing violence and abuse in their home countries, and who have come to America trying to find a better life. Indeed, photographs of boys and girls kept in cages became symbolic of his brutal policy and reminded many of us of crimes against humanity committed in other countries, including Hitler’s Germany. At that time, Jews and Romani (Gypsy) children were forcibly removed from their parents, often at the entrance to concentration camps.

    Given Trump’s absolute insistence on taking immigrants into custody and locking them up indefinitely — now, with their children — it has become clear that he and Attorney General Jeff Sessions have also failed to grasp that the federal government is woefully unprepared to implement any “zero-tolerance” policy in a humane and compassionate manner. As if to give clear proof of that, top officials at the Department of Health and Human Services admitted at the end of May that the agency had lost track of nearly 1,500 immigrant children who had crossed the U.S. border with Mexico without adult accompaniment. Although these youngsters were taken into custody and placed with sponsors, the responsible authorities no longer knew where they were or the names of their sponsors.

    And so we have decided to institute our own zero-tolerance policy: zero-tolerance for the U.S. government’s disregard for human rights and barbaric treatment of immigrants. And we call on all those who were shocked and appalled by the separation of children from their families to implement such a zero-tolerance strategy as well, and to continue to protest — actively and vocally — Trump’s cruel and perverse policies.


    Richard Zimler, novelist (and author of the open letter): The Last Kabbalist of Lisbon and The Warsaw Anagrams

    Andrew Benjamin, author and professor, Kingston University London and University of Technology Sydney

    Debra Bergoffen, author and professor, George Mason University and American University

    Jay M. Bernstein, author and professor, New School for Social Research

    Virginia Blum, author and professor, University of Kentucky

    Susan Bordo, author and professor, University of Kentucky

    Sandee Brawarsky, author and journalist: 212 Views of Central Park and Two Jews, Three Opinions

    Elizabeth Millán Brusslan, author and professor, DePaul University

    Judith Butler, author and professor, University of California, Berkeley

    Noam Chomsky, author and professor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    Amanda Craig, novelist and journalist, The Lie of the Land and In a Dark Wood

    Keren David, author and journalist: Stranger and The Liar’s Handbook

    Jane Flax, author and professor, American University

    Bernard Freydberg, author and professor, Slippery Rock University

    Marilyn Friedman, author and professor, Vanderbilt University

    Jacob Golomb, author and professor, Hebrew University of Jerusalem

    Lawrence Grossberg, author and professor, University of North Carolina

    Eva Hoffman, novelist, author and professor, How to Be Bored and Lost in Translation: Life in a New Language

    Mikhail Iossel, author and professor: Notes from Cyberground: Trump and My Old Soviet Feeling and Every Hunter Wants to Know: A Leningrad Life

    Inbali Iserles, novelist: Foxcraft: the Taken and Foxcraft: the Elders

    Gerald Jacobs, novelist and journalist: Nine Love Letters and Judi Dench: A Great Deal of Laughter

    Gabriel Josipovici, novelist, author and professor: What Ever Happened to Modernism? and Hotel Andromeda

    Alice Kaplan, author and professor, Yale University

    Lucille Kerr, author and professor, Northwestern University

    Michael Lerner, author and professor: The Left Hand of God and Embracing Palestine/Israel: A Strategy to Heal and Transform the Middle East

    John Nathan, author, translator, director and producer: Living Carelessly in Tokyo and Elsewhere and Mishima: A Biography

    Suzanne Pucci, author and professor, University of Kentucky

    Elizabeth Rosner, novelist and author: The Speed of Light and Survivor Cafe

    Alan Rosenberg, author and professor, City University of New York

    Deborah Rosenfelt, author and professor, University of Maryland

    Meg Rosoff, novelist and children’s author: How I Live Now and Jonathan Unleashed

    Catherine Rottenberg, author and professor, Ben Gurion University

    Elizabeth Rottenberg, author and professor, DePaul University

    Tony Rudolf, author, journalist and publisher: Silent Conversations and The Same River Twice

    Shlomo Sand, author and professor, Tel Aviv University

    Alan Schrift, author and professor, Grinnell College

    Gary Shapiro, author and professor, University of Richmond

    Francesca Simon, children’s author: Horrid Henry series

    Joshua Sobol, playwright and director: Ghetto and Real Time

    Andrew Solomon, author, journalist and novelist: Far from the Tree: Parents, Children, and the Search for Identity and The Noonday Demon: An Atlas of Depression

    Francisco José Viegas, novelist and journalist: Regresso por um Rio and Longe de Manaus

    Gal Uchovsky, screenwriter and film producer: Walk on Water and The Bubble

    David Ulin, novelist, critic and author: The Lost Art of Reading: Why Books Matter in a Distracted Time and Writing Los Angeles

    Steven Vogel, author and professor, Denison University

    John Wolf, author and journalist: Portugal Traduzido and A Reforma do Palhaço